Flight Redemptions

What is SAF in Aviation? (Sustainable Aviation Fuel)

Updated: March 09, 2024

Sustainable Aviation Fuel: A Step Towards Greener Aviation

Sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) is a groundbreaking solution that has emerged in recent years to address the environmental impact of the aviation industry. With the increasing concern over climate change and the urgent need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, SAF offers a promising alternative to traditional jet fuel. In this article, we will delve into the concept of sustainable aviation fuel, its benefits, and its potential to transform the aviation industry into a more sustainable and eco-friendly sector.

The Importance of Sustainable Aviation Fuel

The aviation industry has long been criticized for its significant contribution to global carbon dioxide emissions, which are a major driver of climate change. Sustainable aviation fuel aims to mitigate these emissions by offering a more environmentally friendly alternative to conventional jet fuel. SAF is produced from renewable sources such as biomass, recycled cooking oil, and municipal solid waste, among others.

One of the key benefits of sustainable aviation fuel is its potential to significantly reduce carbon dioxide emissions. According to the International Air Transport Association (IATA), SAF has the potential to reduce CO2 emissions by up to 80% compared to traditional jet fuel. This reduction is achieved by utilizing feedstocks that have a lower carbon content and are derived from sustainable sources. As a result, SAF can help the aviation industry make significant progress towards achieving its emissions reduction targets.

How Sustainable Aviation Fuel Works

Sustainable aviation fuel is produced through a process called hydroprocessing, which involves refining and upgrading renewable feedstocks to meet the specifications of jet fuel. The feedstocks used for SAF production can vary, but they are generally derived from non-fossil fuel sources. These can include plant oils, agricultural residues, algae, and even municipal solid waste.

Once the feedstocks are collected, they undergo a series of refining processes to convert them into a usable form of fuel. This involves removing impurities, such as sulfur and oxygen, and adjusting the chemical composition to match the requirements of jet fuel. The resulting sustainable aviation fuel is then blended with conventional jet fuel to create a mixture that can be used in existing aircraft engines without any modifications.

The Benefits of Sustainable Aviation Fuel

The adoption of sustainable aviation fuel offers several benefits for the aviation industry and the environment as a whole. Let's explore some of the key advantages:

Reduces carbon dioxide emissions: The primary benefit of SAF is its ability to significantly reduce CO2 emissions compared to traditional jet fuel. This reduction is crucial for the aviation industry to achieve its emissions reduction targets and contribute to global efforts to combat climate change.
Enhances air quality: Sustainable aviation fuel has lower levels of pollutants, such as sulfur and particulate matter, compared to conventional jet fuel. By using SAF, aircraft can contribute to improved air quality, particularly around airports and densely populated areas.
Promotes resource efficiency: SAF can be produced from a wide range of feedstocks, including waste materials and by-products from other industries. This promotes resource efficiency by utilizing materials that would otherwise go to waste.
Supports sustainable development: The production of sustainable aviation fuel can create new economic opportunities and jobs in the renewable energy sector. Additionally, it reduces dependence on fossil fuels and promotes the development of a more sustainable and resilient aviation industry.

It's important to note that sustainable aviation fuel is not a silver bullet solution to the environmental challenges of the aviation industry. While it offers significant emission reductions, it should be seen as part of a broader strategy that includes other initiatives such as improved aircraft efficiency, air traffic management optimization, and investments in new technologies.


Sustainable aviation fuel represents a significant step towards greener aviation. With its ability to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and promote resource efficiency, SAF has the potential to transform the aviation industry into a more sustainable and environmentally friendly sector. However, widespread adoption of sustainable aviation fuel requires collaboration between governments, industry stakeholders, and the renewable energy sector. By working together, we can harness the power of sustainable aviation fuel to create a greener future for aviation.


IATA - Sustainable Aviation Fuels
Nature - Sustainable aviation fuels as a pathway to decarbonising air travel
Environmental Protection Agency - Air Transport

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